It is a word that connects two or more sentences or phrases or clauses or words which makes the sentence more compact and meaningful.
Eg: He is not only smart but he is also handsome.
He neither smokes nor drinks alcohol.
Amrita and Kanchan are best friends.
Types of Conjunctions
There are three types of conjunctions. They are:
1. Coordinating Conjunction:
It is the conjunction that connects two or more elements that are syntactically similar.
They came in the evening and (They) began talking with each other.
“But, still, only, yet”
He smokes but he doesn’t drink alcohol.
She didn’t come, still I am waiting.
She is intelligent, only that she is poor.
I shall come, yet they will not obey.
2. Correlative Conjunction: work in pairs to join words and groups of words of equal weight in a sentence. There are many different pairs of correlative conjunctions:
• not only…but (also)
• just as…so
• as much…as
• no sooner…than
• You either do your work or prepare for a trip to the office. (Either do, or prepare)
• He is not only handsome, but also brilliant. (Not only A, but also B)
• Not only is he handsome, but also he is brilliant. (Not only is he A, but also he is B.)
• Neither the basketball team nor the football team is doing well.
• Both the cross country team and the swimming team are doing well.
• You must decide whether you stay or you go. (It’s up to you)
• Whether you stay or you go, the film must start at 8 pm. (It’s not up to you)
• Just as many Americans love basketball, so many Canadians love ice hockey.
• The more you practice dribbling, the better you will be at it.
• Football is as fast as hockey (is (fast)).
• Football is as much an addiction as a sport.
• No sooner did she learn to ski, than the snow began to thaw.
• I would rather swim than surf.
Subordinating Conjunction: These conjunctions are used to connect subordinate and
main clause. They are generally adverbs used as conjunctions.
• She went to office on Monday although it was raining very heavily.
• He took to the stage as though he had been preparing for this moment all his life.
• Because he loved acting, he refused to give up his dream of being in the movies.
• Unless we act now, all is lost.
Common subordinating conjunctions are:
Although or though
As … as
While and whilst
“Although I’ve been here before, he’s just too hard to ignore” (Amy Winehouse).
“As I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I take a look at my life and realize there’s nothing left” (Coolio).
As long as – “I don’t care who you are, where you’re from or what you did as long as you love me” (Backstreet Boys).
Because – “I’m everything I am because you loved me” (Celine Dion).
Before – “Just call me angel of the morning, angel. Just touch my cheek before you leave me, baby” (Juice Newton).
“Even if the sky is falling down, you’ll be my only” (Jay Sean).
“If you leave me now, you’ll take away the biggest part of me” (Peter Cetera/Chicago).
“Once you pop, you can’t stop” (Pringles commercials).
“Baby, now that I’ve found you, I won’t let you go” (Tony Macaulay/John MacLeod).
Since – “I guess I’ll never be the same since I fell for you” (B.B. King).
Though – “Walk on through the wind, walk on through the rain though your dreams be tossed and blown” (Rodgers and Hammerstein).
Unless – “We’re never going to survive unless we get a little crazy” (Seal).